Who We Are

We are a group of practitioners and scholars committed to an ethical and sustainable future of anthropological and ethnographic records.

CoPAR Co-Chairs

Ricardo Punzalan (PhD, University of Michigan) is Associate Professor of Archives and Digital Curation at the University of Michigan School of Information.

Diana Marsh (PhD, University of British Columbia) is Assistant Professor of Archives and Digital Curation at the University of Maryland’s College of Information.

CoPAR Advisory Board

Lisa Cliggett (PhD, Indiana University) is Professor and Chair of Anthropology at the University of Kentucky, and former editor (2011-2015) of the Wiley-Blackwell journal Economic Anthropology. She has carried out ethnographic fieldwork in Zambia since 1992, focusing on kinship, economy, development, and environmental change. Her earlier work examined household economy, livelihoods, migration and intergenerational relations in the Gwembe Valley. Field research from 2001-2015 took her to the border zones of the Kafue National Park, Zambia’s largest national preserve where she conducted multiple National Science Foundation (USA) funded projects. These projects include a study of migration, land tenure security and environmental change, and food and livelihood security in the context of migration. During the 2004-2007 field seasons Cliggett and colleagues ran an NSF funded field school in anthropological research methods. Most recently Cliggett has begun new NSF funded research on a road project in the Gwembe Valley through which she examines livelihood, environmental and social changes tied to this large infrastructural development.

Related to her ethnographic field research, Cliggett also received NSF funding (BCS-1157418; 2012-14) to explore ways of building a digital data archive for cultural anthropology, using the longitudinal data from the Gwembe Tonga (Zambia) Research Project (GTRP), started in the 1950s by Elizabeth Colson and Thayer Scudder.

Cliggett has published in a variety of journals including American Anthropologist, Human Organization and Human Ecology. Her books include Grains from Grass: aging, gender and famine in rural Africa 2005, Cornell University Press; Economies and Cultures: foundations of Economic Anthropology (Co-authored with Richard Wilk) 2007, Westview Press; Economies and the Transformation of Landscape (co-edited with Christopher Pool) 2008, Alta Mira Press, and Tonga Timeline: Appraising 60 years of multidisciplinary research in Zambia and Zimbabwe (co-edited with Virginia Bond), Lembani Trust Publishers/ Africa Books Collective.

Patricia Galloway joined the University of Texas at Austin School of Information’s archival program, where she is now Professor, in 2000. She teaches courses in digital archives, archival appraisal, and historical museums. From 1979 to 2000 she worked at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History, where she was an editor, historian, museum exhibit developer, and manager of archival information systems, and from 1997 to 2000 directed an NHPRC-funded project to create an electronic records program for Mississippi. Her academic qualifications include a BA in French from Millsaps College (1966); MA (1968) and PhD (1973) in Comparative Literature and PhD in Anthropology (2004), all from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She was an archaeologist in Europe in the 1970s and supported what was then called humanities computing in the University of London 1977-79. She served on the Society of American Archivists Continuing Education and Professional Development committee 2005-2009, when the groundwork was prepared for SAA’s current Digital Archives Specialist certificate program, and presently serves on the SAA Acquisitions and Appraisal Steering Committee. She has also served on the Executive Board of the Society of Southwest Archivists. Her recent publications include an article on “Educating for Digital Archiving through Studio Pedagogy, Sequential Case Studies, and Reflective Practice” (2011 in Archivaria), “Archiving Digital Objects as Maintenance: Reading a Rosetta Machine” (2017 in Preservation, Digital Technology & Culture), and “Intrinsic Value” and “Principle of Respect for Original Order” in the Encyclopedia of Archival Concepts (2015), as well as articles in American Archivist, D-Lib, Library Trends, Information and Culture, and IEEE Annals of the History of Computing.

Candace S. Greene (PhD Anthropology, Oklahoma, 1985) joined the Department of Anthropology in the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History in 1985. She previously worked at the Amon Carter Museum, the Haffenreffer Museum, and the Sam Noble Museum. At the Smithsonian she has worked on projects in collection preservation and access, including: planning and overseeing the move of collections to a specially designed research center; leading projects in conservation and collections care; developing large scale digitization of collections for on-line access; documenting the intellectual history of museum cataloguing; and serving as interim director of the National Anthropological Archives.

In 2018 she retired to become a Research Associate, and maintains an active research program, specializing in the study of Plains pictorial art. She is particularly interested in Native concepts regarding representation and in the recognition of individual agency in historic art and material culture. Publications include One Hundred Summers: A Kiowa Calendar Record (2009) and Silver Horn: Master Illustrator of the Kiowa (2001), and senior editor of  The Year the Stars Fell: Lakota Winter Counts at the Smithsonian (2007).

In 2009 Dr. Greene founded the Summer Institute in Museum Anthropology (SIMA), a graduate training program at the Smithsonian supported by the National Science Foundation, which teaches research methods for the use of ethnographic collections [https://naturalhistory.si.edu/research/anthropology/programs/summer-institute-museum-anthropology]. She continues as a SIMA faculty member and also teaches as adjunct faculty for the Anthropology Department of George Washington University.

Greene has served as a board member of several professional organizations, including the Native American Art Studies Association and the Council for Museum Anthropology. She was honored by the latter in 2012 with the Michael Ames Award for Innovation in Museum Anthropology and again in 2018 with the Distinguished Service Award for Lifetime Achievement.

Margaret Hedstrom is the Robert M. Warner Collegiate Professor of Information at the School of Information, University of Michigan where she teaches in the areas of archives, electronic records management, and digital preservation. She is PI for the SEAD (Sustainable Environment/Actionable Data) DataNet project funded by NSF, which is working closely with sustainability scientists to develop a system that will allow them to manage and share their data.  She also heads a NSF-sponsored traineeship (IGERT) at the University of Michigan called “Open Data” that is investigating tools and policies for data sharing and data management in partnership with faculty and doctoral students in bioinformatics, computer science, information science, and materials research.

Robert Leopold is the former deputy director for research and collections at the Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, where he also served as interim director of the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Earlier, he directed the Smithsonian’s Consortium for World Cultures, the Human Studies Film Archives, and the National Anthropological Archives. During his fourteen years at the NAA, Leopold worked closely with anthropologists and their families to preserve nearly 3,000 linear feet of ethnographic fieldnotes and related materials, and also contributed his expertise to digital imaging, knowledge repatriation, and language revitalization initiatives. He has served as president of the Council for Museum Anthropology, chair of the Council for the Preservation of Anthropological Records, and as professorial lecturer in museum studies at The George Washington University. As a Fulbright Fellow, Leopold conducted ethnographic research on marriage alliance, ritual collaboration, and systems of thought in Liberia. His current interests include information ethics, ethnographic and Indigenous archives, and digital cultural heritage. Leopold holds a Ph.D. in cultural anthropology from Indiana University.

Nancy Parezo is Professor Emeritus at the University of Arizona, where she has been teaching since 1982. She officially joined the American Indian Studies faculty in 1998 as a tenured Professor with a shared appointment in the Arizona State Museum (ASM). She is also an affiliated professor in Anthropology and a Research Associate for the Field Museum of Natural History and the Smithsonian Institution. She is currently serving as Director of Undergraduate Studies.  In recent years she has been awarded the Lifetime Acheivement Award from the Council for Museum Anthropology of the American Anthropological Association, the University of Arizona’s Outstanding Mentor Award by the Graduate College, and given distinguished lectures at several universities. She currently serves as a speaker for Arizona Humanities.

Francis Pierce-McManamon is a faculty member in the MA in Cultural Heritage Management Program at Johns Hopkins University. From 2009 to 2019, he was the Executive and Founding Director of the Center for Digital Antiquity, an organization devoted to broadening and improving the ease of access to archaeological information and to the long-term preservation of archaeological information. He also served as a Research Professor in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University. Prior to joining Digital Antiquity, McManamon served as the Chief Archeologist of the National Park Service (1995–2009) and the Departmental Consulting Archeologist of the Department of the Interior (1991–2009). During the course of his career, Dr. McManamon has developed special expertise in and familiarity with cultural heritage management; Heritage Resource Management, CRM as practiced in the United States; the management of digital cultural resource data; and the identification, evaluation, public interpretation preservation, protection, and treatment of cultural heritage and resources.

Mark Turin (PhD, Linguistics, Leiden University, 2006) is an anthropologist, linguist and occasional radio presenter, and an Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia. From 2014-2018, Dr. Turin served as Chair of the First Nations and Endangered Languages Program and from 2016-2018, as Acting Co-Director of the University’s new Institute for Critical Indigenous Studies. Before joining UBC, he served as Associate Research Scientist and the Founding Program Director of the Yale Himalaya Initiative. He continues to hold an appointment as Visiting Associate Professor at the Yale School Forestry & Environmental Studies.

Dr. Turin directs both the World Oral Literature Project, an urgent global initiative to document and make accessible endangered oral literatures before they disappear without record, and the Digital Himalaya Project which he co-founded in 2000 as a platform to make multi-media resources from the Himalayan region widely available online. Together with Sienna Craig, Dr. Turin edited Himalayathe longest running, open access, interdisciplinary and peer-reviewed journal of Himalayan studies from 2013-2017. For over twenty years, Dr. Turin’s regional focus has been the Himalayan region (particularly Nepal, northern India and Bhutan), and more recently, the Pacific Northwest. Dr. Turin is very privileged to have had the opportunity to work in collaborative partnership with members of the Thangmi-speaking communities of eastern Nepal and Darjeeling district in India since 1996, and since 2014 with members of the Heiltsuk First Nation through a Heiltsuk Language Mobilization Partnership in which UBC is a member.

Dr. Turin writes and teaches on ethnolinguistics, language endangerment, visual anthropology, digital archives and fieldwork methodology. He is the author or co-author of four books, three travel guides, the editor of nine volumes, and he edits a series on oral literature. @markturin

CoPAR Working Group

Dr. Andrew Asher is the Assessment Librarian at Indiana University Bloomington, where he leads the libraries’ qualitative and quantitative assessment programs, conducts research on the anthropology of information, and teaches research methods in information science.  Asher’s most recent work examines search and discovery workflows of students and faculty, information fluency development, and the ethical and privacy dimensions of learning analytics data. He was a member of the recently-completed Data Doubles project research team, a three-year IMLS funded study of student perspectives of privacy issues associated with learning analytics initiatives in libraries. Asher holds a PhD in sociocultural anthropology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and has written and presented widely on applying ethnography and mixed-methods research in academic libraries, including the co-edited volume, College Libraries and Student Culture.

Sarah Buchanan is an Assistant Professor at the School of Information Science & Learning Technologies (iSchool) at the University of Missouri. See https://education.missouri.edu/person/sarah-buchanan/ for a faculty profile. She studies how people interact with cultural heritage, from museum and archival studies perspectives. Her research interests include digital classics, data and provenance issues in archaeological archives, and arrangement and description of special collections. Related publications examine topics in information history as well as collection data quality and graduate education in archival studies. Her dissertation examined archaeological curation practices at multiple sites involved in the creation and use of object documentation. The findings argue for the interconnectedness of archaeological practice in fieldwork, conservation, curation, and exhibition. A current research project, Archives of Classical Scholarship (ArCla), creates a directory to the archival papers of American classicists and classical archaeologists. Dr. Buchanan has also contributed to PeriodO, a linked data gazetteer of period definitions across scholarly fields; Visualizing Archival Data, a project to analyze the levels of archival arrangement in finding aids; and a project using RTI (Reflectance Transformation Imaging) technology to capture images and descriptive metadata for a museum teaching collection, during her doctoral studies at Texas. Her teaching, informed by prior work as a museum archivist and librarian, promotes community engagement and active learning approaches with which information professionals can build peace and security for cultural heritage globally. Buchanan serves as the Reviews Editor for Digital Humanities Quarterly.


Celia Emmelhainz is the program manager for the National Anthropological Archives and Human Studies Film Archives at the Smithsonian Institution. She has worked as an academic librarian in California, Maine, and Kazakhstan, and holds master’s degrees in information science and anthropology, as well as a certificate in digital curation. Emmelhainz has conducted fieldwork in Mongolia and Kazakhstan, consulted on NSF and IMLS projects on ethnographic data management, and led workshops on data management and analysis for librarians and researchers in Greece, Poland, and Kazakhstan. Her research focuses on connecting communities and researchers with social science information, and on supporting cultural heritage workers in libraries, archives, and museums. 

Daniel Ginsberg is Director of Education and Professional Practice at the American Anthropological Association. Their role at the AAA includes making anthropology accessible to the general public through programs such as the Teachers Summer Workshop, Anthropology Day, and Anthropology Live virtual event series, and they were on the curatorial team for the traveling exhibition World on the Move: 250,000 Years of Human Migration. In addition to CoPAR, they have represented the AAA in collaborations with the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Library Association, Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, National Geographic Society, and Wiki Education Foundation. Trained as a linguistic anthropologist of education, Daniel has authored publications on professional applications of anthropology, undergraduate research, and critical pedagogy. They hold a PhD in linguistics from Georgetown University and an MA in TESOL from the School for International Training.

Dr. Robin R. R. Gray is Ts’msyen and Mikisew Cree, and an Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto. Her research centers primarily on the politics of Indigeneity in settler colonial contexts such as Canada, USA, New Zealand and Australia. As a socio-cultural anthropologist and Indigenous studies scholar, Dr. Gray employs critical ethnographic, community-based, Indigenous and intersectional methodologies in the study and presentation of knowledge, power, culture and society. Dr. Gray’s current research projects focus on the repatriation of Ts’msyen songs from archives, and foundational issues related to the preservation, management, ownership, access and control of Indigenous cultural heritage. She is working on a book manuscript titled, Rematriation: Indigenous Law, Property and Nationhood. In it she is analyzing various forms of Indigenous repatriation to interrogate the colonial power dynamics engendered by the transformation of Indigenous cultural heritage into the property of people, states and institutions unrelated to the source community. Theoretically, it necessarily confronts the contested sites of archives, museums, law, ethnographic collecting practices, cultural appropriation, collective memory, intellectual property issues, and Indigenous rights, while it also disrupts totalizing discourses of Indigeneity, nationhood, property and heritage—including the concept of repatriation itself.

Dr. Lori Jahnke is the Librarian for Anthropology at Emory University. Her research interests include non-textual systems of information organization and communication, and the relationship of institutional structures, market dynamics, and academic norms to asymmetries in knowledge production and preservation. In support of her work in anthropology, archives, and digital collections, Lori has been awarded grants from the National Science Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the American Philosophical Society, the Field Museum of Natural History, and the Roger Thayer Stone Center for Latin American Studies. Prior to joining Emory, she was a Council on Library and Information Resources Postdoctoral Fellow at The College of Physicians of Philadelphia, and she was a Research Lead for the CLIR/DLF study of data management practices among university researchers sponsored by the Sloan Foundation. She received her PhD in biological anthropology from Tulane University.

Jesse Johnston is a Clinical Assistant Professor at the University of Michigan School of Information. He has previously served as a senior librarian for digital content at the Library of Congress, senior program officer for preservation and access at the National Endowment for the Humanities, and was an adjunct faculty member at George Mason University and the University of Maryland iSchool. 

Katie Kirakosian is an archaeologist and adjunct faculty of University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA. With Heidi Bauer-Clap, her work has explored archives and archaeology and barriers to access for archaeologists. She completed her Ph.D. at the University of Massachusetts Amhearst on shell midden archaeology; in that research, she visited archives throughout Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and New York.

Gina Rappaport is the Archivist for Photograph Collections and Head Archivist at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Anthropological Archives. Though not an anthropologist, Gina experienced fieldwork when accompanying her father Roy “Skip” Rappaport to Papua New Guinea in the early 1980s, and she was nurtured by the anthropological community growing up, starting with Mervyn Meggitt spiking her milk bottle with rum when she was on a crying jag. Before joining the Smithsonian in 2009, Gina was a project archivist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Pribilof Project Office where she co-authored The Pribilof Islands, a Guide to Photographs and Illustrations, a publication on historical visual resources relating to the history of the Pribilof Islands and the Aleutian people that live there. Prior to this Gina worked as a project archivist for a variety of individuals and institutions, including the University of Washington, The National Park Service, and the Winthrop Group.  Gina received her BA in history at the University of Washington and her MA in history and archives management from Western Washington University. Gina’s research interests orient on the integration of archival theory into practice, especially with respect to the management of photographic collections; she explored some of these concerns in her master’s thesis, Limitations and Improvements in the Archival Management of Photographs. Another area of equal interest is in working with Native communities to develop protocols for the respectful care of Native cultural heritage held in non-native institutions.

Hannah Turner is an Assistant Professor at the University of British Columbia’s School of Information. She is a critical information studies and museum studies scholar who researches the connection between knowledge, material culture and technology. She is interested in the historical classification systems that construct museum knowledge, as well as the ethical uses of new technologies for documenting and returning museum objects. Turner was previously a Lecturer in Museum Studies at the University of Leicester, held a SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow in the Making Culture Lab at SFU, and is the author of Cataloging Culture: Legacies of Colonialism in Museum Documentation. She received her PhD from the University of Toronto.

Rachel Fernandez is the Digital Preservation Program Manager at the Center for Digital Antiquity at Arizona State University. Rachel is responsible for managing digital curation projects for various archaeological and cultural heritage agencies, researchers, and institutions to preserve and make their data accessible through the Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR), a CoreTrust Seal certified digital repository for archaeological data managed by the Center for Digital Antiquity. She also provides training in data management and digital preservation and has presented at various federal and international conferences in archaeology. Apart from digital preservation and curation, Rachel has conducted fieldwork, responsible for GIS and data management for projects throughout the Mediterranean, primarily in Greece and Croatia. Rachel holds a MA in Classical Archaeology from the University of Colorado, Boulder and is currently completing a Master’s in Library and Information Science with a focus on digital curation from the University of Arizona. 

Paul Sutherland is Archivist of Indigenous Materials at the Center for Native American and Indigenous Research (CNAIR), American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Lenapehoking, where he has been since 2016. In this role he works to help connect Indigenous communities to the cultural and linguistic resources at the American Philosophical Society’s library, by revising and creating collections metadata, digitizing manuscripts, and implementing Indigenous communities’ guidance on the appropriate use and presentation of the collections. Trained as a linguist, Paul is especially motivated by archives’ potential for use in language revitalization, and is generally interested in improving the clarity of archives’ holdings, and in ensuring the stability and potential for reuse of legacy analog and digital media.