Who We Are

We are a group of practitioners and scholars committed to an ethical and sustainable future of anthropological and ethnographic records.

CoPAR Co-Chairs

Ricardo Punzalan (PhD, University of Michigan) is Associate Professor of Archives and Digital Curation at the University of Michigan School of Information.

Diana Marsh (PhD, University of British Columbia) is Assistant Professor of Archives and Digital Curation at the University of Maryland’s College of Information.

CoPAR Advisory Board

Lisa Cliggett (PhD, Indiana University) is Professor and Chair of Anthropology at
the University of Kentucky, and former editor (2011-2015) of the Wiley-Blackwell
journal Economic Anthropology. She has carried out ethnographic fieldwork in Zambia since 1992, focusing on kinship, economy, development, and environmental change. Her earlier work examined household economy, livelihoods, migration and intergenerational relations in the Gwembe Valley. Field research from 2001-2015 took her to the border zones of the Kafue National Park, Zambia’s largest national preserve where she conducted multiple National Science Foundation (USA) funded projects. These projects include a study of migration, land tenure security and environmental change, and food and livelihood security in the context of migration. During the 2004-2007 field seasons Cliggett and colleagues ran an NSF funded field school in anthropological research methods. Most recently Cliggett has begun new NSF funded research on a road project in the Gwembe Valley through which she examines livelihood, environmental and social changes tied to this large infrastructural development.

Related to her ethnographic field research, Cliggett also received NSF funding (BCS-1157418; 2012-14) to explore ways of building a digital data archive for cultural
anthropology, using the longitudinal data from the Gwembe Tonga (Zambia) Research Project (GTRP), started in the 1950s by Elizabeth Colson and Thayer Scudder.

Cliggett has published in a variety of journals including American Anthropologist, Human Organization and Human Ecology. Her books include Grains from Grass: aging, gender and famine in rural Africa 2005, Cornell University Press; Economies and Cultures: foundations of Economic Anthropology (Co-authored with Richard Wilk) 2007, Westview Press; Economies and the Transformation of Landscape (co-edited with Christopher Pool) 2008, Alta Mira Press, and Tonga Timeline: Appraising 60 years of multidisciplinary research in Zambia and Zimbabwe (co-edited with Virginia Bond), Lembani Trust Publishers/ Africa Books Collective.

Patricia Galloway joined the University of Texas at Austin School of Information’s archival program, where she is now Professor, in 2000. She teaches courses in digital archives, archival appraisal, and historical museums. From 1979 to 2000 she worked at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History, where she was an editor, historian, museum exhibit developer, and manager of archival information systems, and from 1997 to 2000 directed an NHPRC-funded project to create an electronic records program for Mississippi. Her academic qualifications include a BA in French from Millsaps College (1966); MA (1968) and PhD (1973) in Comparative Literature and PhD in Anthropology (2004), all from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She was an archaeologist in Europe in the 1970s and supported what was then called humanities computing in the University of London 1977-79. She served on the Society of American Archivists Continuing Education and Professional Development committee 2005-2009, when the groundwork was prepared for SAA’s current Digital Archives Specialist certificate program, and presently serves on the SAA Acquisitions and Appraisal Steering Committee. She has also served on the Executive Board of the Society of Southwest Archivists. Her recent publications include an article on “Educating for Digital Archiving through Studio Pedagogy, Sequential Case Studies, and Reflective Practice” (2011 in Archivaria), “Archiving Digital Objects as Maintenance: Reading a Rosetta Machine” (2017 in Preservation, Digital Technology & Culture), and “Intrinsic Value” and “Principle of Respect for Original Order” in the Encyclopedia of Archival Concepts (2015), as well as articles in American Archivist, D-Lib, Library Trends, Information and Culture, and IEEE Annals of the History of Computing.

Candace S. Greene (PhD Anthropology, Oklahoma, 1985) joined the Department of Anthropology in the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History in 1985. She previously worked at the Amon Carter Museum, the Haffenreffer Museum, and the Sam Noble Museum. At the Smithsonian she has worked on projects in collection preservation and access, including: planning and overseeing the move of collections to a specially designed research center; leading projects in conservation and collections care; developing large scale digitization of collections for on-line access; documenting the intellectual history of museum cataloguing; and serving as interim director of the National Anthropological Archives.

In 2018 she retired to become a Research Associate, and maintains an active research program, specializing in the study of Plains pictorial art. She is particularly interested in Native concepts regarding representation and in the recognition of individual agency in historic art and material culture. Publications include One Hundred Summers: A Kiowa Calendar Record (2009) and Silver Horn: Master Illustrator of the Kiowa (2001), and senior editor of  The Year the Stars Fell: Lakota Winter Counts at the Smithsonian (2007).

In 2009 Dr. Greene founded the Summer Institute in Museum Anthropology (SIMA), a graduate training program at the Smithsonian supported by the National Science Foundation, which teaches research methods for the use of ethnographic collections [https://naturalhistory.si.edu/research/anthropology/programs/summer-institute-museum-anthropology]. She continues as a SIMA faculty member and also teaches as adjunct faculty for the Anthropology Department of George Washington University.

Greene has served as a board member of several professional organizations, including the Native American Art Studies Association and the Council for Museum Anthropology. She was honored by the latter in 2012 with the Michael Ames Award for Innovation in Museum Anthropology and again in 2018 with the Distinguished Service Award for Lifetime Achievement.

Margaret Hedstrom is the Robert M. Warner Collegiate Professor of Information at the School of Information, University of Michigan where she teaches in the areas of archives, electronic records management, and digital preservation. She is PI for the SEAD (Sustainable Environment/Actionable Data) DataNet project funded by NSF, which is working closely with sustainability scientists to develop a system that will allow them to manage and share their data.  She also heads a NSF-sponsored traineeship (IGERT) at the University of Michigan called “Open Data” that is investigating tools and policies for data sharing and data management in partnership with faculty and doctoral students in bioinformatics, computer science, information science, and materials research.

Ira Jacknis (Ph.D., Anthropology, University of Chicago, 1989) has been Research Anthropologist at the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology, UC Berkeley since 1991.  Before coming to Berkeley, he worked for the Brooklyn Museum, the Newberry Library, the Field Museum, and the Smithsonian Institution.

Among his interests are the art and culture of Native North America, modes of non-verbal ethnographic representation (still photos, film, sound recording), museums, and the history of anthropology.

Jacknis’s interest in the history of anthropology was encouraged by mentors George Stocking at Chicago and William Sturtevant at the Smithsonian.  Much of this research has been devoted to the work of Franz Boas, Alfred Kroeber, and other Americanist anthropologists. Since his undergraduate study of art history and anthropology, he has been particularly concerned with the intersection of these two cultural domains / disciplines in late 19th-early 20th century America, expressed, for example, in a continuing series of essays on the history of exhibits in anthropology.  As a museum curator, he has also been attracted to the parallel methodological issues of archival collections.

Among his books are
The Storage Box of Tradition:  Kwakiutl Art, Anthropologists, and Museums, 1881–1981 (Smithsonian, 2002), Carving Traditions of Northwest California (Hearst Museum, 1995), and Food in California Indian Culture (Hearst Museum, 2004).

His current projects include a book for the Harvard Peabody Museum about their collection of miniature dioramas, and a book, coauthored with Erin Hasinoff, on Mary Lois Kissell, a pioneer in the study of Native American basketry and textiles.  Jacknis also serves as the photography editor for a forthcoming critical scholarly edition of Franz Boas’s 1897 monograph on Kwakiutl (Kwakw
aka’wakw) social organization and secret societies.

Robert Leopold is deputy director of the Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, where he provides leadership for its archives and collections, curatorial research, and cultural sustainability programs. Earlier, he directed the Smithsonian’s Consortium for World Cultures, the National Anthropological Archives, and the Human Studies Film Archives. During his fourteen years in the National Anthropological Archives, Leopold and his fellow archivists worked closely with anthropologists and their families to preserve nearly 3,000 linear feet of ethnographic fieldnotes and related materials. He served as chair of the Council for the Preservation of Anthropological Records (CoPAR) and currently serves on the advisory board of the Council for Museum Anthropology and Sustaining Minoritized Languages in Europe (SMiLE). Leopold is a former Fulbright Fellow who conducted ethnographic research on marriage alliance, ritual collaboration, and systems of thought among the Loma of Liberia. His current research interests include the sociology of language vitality, information ethics, ethnographic and Indigenous archives, and digital cultural heritage. He holds a B.A. in English literature from the State University of New York at Binghamton and a Ph.D. in cultural anthropology from Indiana University.

Nancy Parezo is Professor Emeritus at the University of Arizona, where she has been teaching since 1982. She officially joined the American Indian Studies faculty in 1998 as a tenured Professor with a shared appointment in the Arizona State Museum (ASM). She is also an affiliated professor in Anthropology and a Research Associate for the Field Museum of Natural History and the Smithsonian Institution. She is currently serving as Director of Undergraduate Studies.  In recent years she has been awarded the Lifetime Acheivement Award from the Council for Museum Anthropology of the American Anthropological Association, the University of Arizona’s Outstanding Mentor Award by the Graduate College, and given distinguished lectures at several universities. She currently serves as a speaker for Arizona Humanities.

Francis Pierce-McManamon is a faculty member in the MA in Cultural Heritage Management Program at Johns Hopkins University. From 2009 to 2019, he was the Executive and Founding Director of the Center for Digital Antiquity, an organization devoted to broadening and improving the ease of access to archaeological information and to the long-term preservation of archaeological information. He also served as a Research Professor in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University. Prior to joining Digital Antiquity, McManamon served as the Chief Archeologist of the National Park Service (1995–2009) and the Departmental Consulting Archeologist of the Department of the Interior (1991–2009). During the course of his career, Dr. McManamon has developed special expertise in and familiarity with cultural heritage management; Heritage Resource Management, CRM as practiced in the United States; the management of digital cultural resource data; and the identification, evaluation, public interpretation preservation, protection, and treatment of cultural heritage and resources.

Mark Turin (PhD, Linguistics, Leiden University, 2006) is an anthropologist, linguist and occasional radio presenter, and an Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia. From 2014-2018, Dr. Turin served as Chair of the First Nations and Endangered Languages Program and from 2016-2018, as Acting Co-Director of the University’s new Institute for Critical Indigenous Studies. Before joining UBC, he served as Associate Research Scientist and the Founding Program Director of the Yale Himalaya Initiative. He continues to hold an appointment as Visiting Associate Professor at the Yale School Forestry & Environmental Studies.

Dr. Turin directs both the World Oral Literature Project, an urgent global initiative to document and make accessible endangered oral literatures before they disappear without record, and the Digital Himalaya Project which he co-founded in 2000 as a platform to make multi-media resources from the Himalayan region widely available online. Together with Sienna Craig, Dr. Turin edited Himalayathe longest running, open access, interdisciplinary and peer-reviewed journal of Himalayan studies from 2013-2017. For over twenty years, Dr. Turin’s regional focus has been the Himalayan region (particularly Nepal, northern India and Bhutan), and more recently, the Pacific Northwest. Dr. Turin is very privileged to have had the opportunity to work in collaborative partnership with members of the Thangmi-speaking communities of eastern Nepal and Darjeeling district in India since 1996, and since 2014 with members of the Heiltsuk First Nation through a Heiltsuk Language Mobilization Partnership in which UBC is a member.

Dr. Turin writes and teaches on ethnolinguistics, language endangerment, visual anthropology, digital archives and fieldwork methodology. He is the author or co-author of four books, three travel guides, the editor of nine volumes, and he edits a series on oral literature. @markturin

CoPAR Working Group

Andrew Asher is the Assessment Librarian at Indiana University Bloomington, where he leads the libraries’ qualitative and quantitative assessment programs and conducts research on the anthropology of information.  Asher’s most recent work examines search and discovery workflows of students and faculty, information fluency development, and the ethical dimensions of library and social science research data. Asher holds a PhD in sociocultural anthropology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and has written and presented widely on using ethnographic methods in academic libraries and higher education, including the co-edited volume, College Libraries and Student Culture.

Sarah Buchanan is an Assistant Professor at the School of Information Science & Learning Technologies (iSchool) at the University of Missouri. See https://education.missouri.edu/person/sarah-buchanan/ for a faculty profile. She studies how people interact with cultural heritage, from museum and archival studies perspectives. Her research interests include digital classics, data and provenance issues in archaeological archives, and arrangement and description of special collections. Related publications examine topics in information history as well as collection data quality and graduate education in archival studies. Her dissertation examined archaeological curation practices at multiple sites involved in the creation and use of object documentation. The findings argue for the interconnectedness of archaeological practice in fieldwork, conservation, curation, and exhibition. A current research project, Archives of Classical Scholarship (ArCla), creates a directory to the archival papers of American classicists and classical archaeologists. Dr. Buchanan has also contributed to PeriodO, a linked data gazetteer of period definitions across scholarly fields; Visualizing Archival Data, a project to analyze the levels of archival arrangement in finding aids; and a project using RTI (Reflectance Transformation Imaging) technology to capture images and descriptive metadata for a museum teaching collection, during her doctoral studies at Texas. Her teaching, informed by prior work as a museum archivist and librarian, promotes community engagement and active learning approaches with which information professionals can build peace and security for cultural heritage globally. Buchanan serves as the Reviews Editor for Digital Humanities Quarterly.

Brian Carpenter is the Curator of Native American Materials at the APS Library & Museum. An archivist by training, he began working at the APS in 2008 on a six-year project to digitize and catalog all of the library’s 3000+ hours of audio recordings of Indigenous languages of the Americas. He has worked with over 80 Native communities throughout North America to enhance their access to archival materials at the APS and receive their guidance on ways to improve the representation and uses of the collections.


Celia Emmelhainz is the anthropology and qualitative research librarian at the University of California, Berkeley, and serves as the 2018-2021 liaison between the American Library Association and the American Anthropological Association. Emmelhainz holds an MLS in library science and MA in cultural anthropology, and has conducted field research projects in Mongolia, Kazakhstan, and the US. She has consulted on NSF and IMLS projects for ethnographic data management, written about metadata standards for describing anthropological datasets, and led workshops on qualitative analysis and data management for librarians and researchers in the US, Poland, and Kazakhstan.

Daniel Ginsberg is Manager of Education, Research and Professional Development at the American Anthropological Association and Anthropologist in Residence at American University. As program manager of the AAA’s research on the discipline and profession of anthropology, he has investigated anthropologists’ careers in academic, business, government, and nonprofit settings, as well as anthropology education at graduate, undergraduate, and pre-university levels. He supports AAA outreach efforts such as the Public Education Initiatives RACE: Are We So Different? and World on the Move: 100,000 Years of Human Migration, as well as professional development offerings such as the Leadership Fellows program, the Careers Expo at the Annual Meeting, and the Association’s mentoring working groupIn addition to CoPAR, he has represented the AAA in collaborations with the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Smithsonian Institution, National Geographic Society, and Wiki Education Foundation. Trained as a linguistic anthropologist of education, Daniel has authored publications on classroom discourse, educational linguistics, and critical pedagogy. He holds a PhD in linguistics from Georgetown University and an MA in TESOL from the School for International Training.

Dr. Robin R. R. Gray is Ts’msyen and Mikisew Cree, and an Assistant Professor of Sociology at the
University of Toronto. Her research centers primarily on the politics of Indigeneity in settler colonial
contexts such as Canada, USA, New Zealand and Australia. As a socio-cultural anthropologist and
Indigenous studies scholar, Dr. Gray employs critical ethnographic, community-based, Indigenous and intersectional methodologies in the study and presentation of knowledge, power, culture and society. Dr. Gray’s current research projects focus on the repatriation of Ts’msyen songs from
archives, and foundational issues related to the preservation, management, ownership, access and control of Indigenous cultural heritage. She is working on a book manuscript titled, Rematriation: Indigenous Law, Property and Nationhood. In it she is analyzing various forms of Indigenous
repatriation to interrogate the colonial power dynamics engendered by the transformation of Indigenous cultural heritage into the property of people, states and institutions unrelated to the source community. Theoretically, it necessarily confronts the contested sites of archives, museums, law, ethnographic collecting practices, cultural appropriation, collective memory, intellectual property issues, and Indigenous rights, while it also disrupts totalizing discourses of Indigeneity, nationhood, property and heritage—including the concept of repatriation itself.

Lori Jahnke (Ph.D., Anthropology, Tulane University, 2009) has been the Librarian for Anthropology at Emory University since 2012 is the Anthropology Librarian at Emory University. Prior to joining the Robert W. Woodruff Library at Emory University, Lori was a Council on Library and Information Resources Postdoctoral Fellow at The College of Physicians of Philadelphia. From 2009-2012 she developed the Medical Heritage Library (www.medicalheritage.org) as a multi-institutional collaboration for the digitization of rare materials in the health sciences. Lori was also a Research Lead for the Sloan sponsored CLIR/DLF study on data management practices among university researchers.

In support of her research in anthropology and information science, Lori has been awarded grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Lewis and Clark Fund at the American Philosophical Society, the Field Museum of Natural History, and the Roger Thayer Stone Center for Latin American Studies. She has presented at numerous conferences including the Coalition for Networked Information, the Digital Library Federation Forum, American Association of Physical Anthropologists, the Society for American Archaeology, and the American Association for the History of Medicine.

Jesse Johnston is a Senior Digital Collections Specialist at the Library of Congress and an adjunct faculty member at the University of Maryland iSchool. From 2013 to 2018, he was a Senior Program Officer for preservation and access and Acting Records Officer at the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). Previously, he was an Archives Specialist at the Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage. His research focuses on user practices in archives, performance of Moravian traditional music, and ethnomusicology. He holds a Ph.D. in musicology and an M.S.I. in archives and records management, both from the University of Michigan.

Katie Kirakosian is an archaeologist and adjunct faculty of University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA. With Heidi Bauer-Clap, her work has explored archives and archaeology and barriers to access for archaeologists. She completed her Ph.D. at the University of Massachusetts Amhearst on shell midden archaeology; in that research, she visited archives throughout Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and New York.

Gina Rappaport is the Archivist for Photograph Collections and Head Archivist at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Anthropological Archives. Though not an anthropologist, Gina experienced fieldwork when accompanying her father Roy “Skip” Rappaport to Papua New Guinea in the early 1980s, and she was nurtured by the anthropological community growing up, starting with Mervyn Meggitt spiking her milk bottle with rum when she was on a crying jag. Before joining the Smithsonian in 2009, Gina was a project archivist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Pribilof Project Office where she co-authored The Pribilof Islands, a Guide to Photographs and Illustrations, a publication on historical visual resources relating to the history of the Pribilof Islands and the Aleutian people that live there. Prior to this Gina worked as a project archivist for a variety of individuals and institutions, including the University of Washington, The National Park Service, and the Winthrop Group.  Gina received her BA in history at the University of Washington and her MA in history and archives management from Western Washington University. Gina’s research interests orient on the integration of archival theory into practice, especially with respect to the management of photographic collections; she explored some of these concerns in her master’s thesis, Limitations and Improvements in the Archival Management of Photographs. Another area of equal interest is in working with Native communities to develop protocols for the respectful care of Native cultural heritage held in non-native institutions.

Hannah Turner is an Assistant Professor at the University of British Columbia’s School of Information. She is a critical information studies and museum studies scholar who researches the connection between knowledge, material culture and technology. She is interested in the historical classification systems that construct museum knowledge, as well as the ethical uses of new technologies for documenting and returning museum objects. I was a previously a Lecturer in Museum Studies at the University of Leicester, and a SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow in the Making Culture Lab at SFU. She received her PhD from the University of Toronto.